When it comes to adoptions, there are many choices that are available to both the adoptive families and the birth families. Some of the choices include open, semi-open and closed adoptions, international adoptions, new born adoptions, special needs adoptions, foster adoptions, embryo adoptions, agencies and independent adoptions. There is an extensive list of possibilities that families can choose from. There are also legalities that surround adoptions; laws that can vary from state to state, country to country when adopting internationally, sealed and unsealed records, and even families bringing in attorneys during the lengthy process.
For an introduction to open adoptions, please see the video provided from YouTube below from The Adoption Center of San Diego.
Introduction to Open Adoption
Closed adoption is the process in which the adoptive families and birth parents do not meet and have minimum to no contact with each other. The families will also know very little information on the other family. Although most international adoptions are considered closed, birth parents do have “some very basic information about the birth parents such as medical history, ethnicity and cultural information” and it has become the exception. However, an adoptive child may choose to search for his/her birth parents at the legal age in which he/she can make a decision.
International adoption is exactly what the word international implies. Adoptive families and birth families are from all corners of the earth. However, there are more hurdles in this process. The laws of the country in which you plan to adopt your child from are observed; additionally, documents and translation of said documents must also be completed. When an adoptive family is considering an international adoption, some things to consider could include race and medical needs in addition to their age and gender. Some of the laws surrounding international adoption include:
• If you want to adopt from Korea, you cannot weigh more than 30% over the normal weight for your height when you work with certain agencies.
• If you are single, male or female, forget about adopting from Armenia, Thailand, and Sri Lanka (among others). No single adoptive parents allowed.
Surrounding the adoption process, the family dynamics are changed. Upon the completion of an adoption, families’ now have to divide resources differently. If an infant is adopted, things such as diapers, formula, bottles, clothes, and education are added to expenses. Will the family decide to relocate to a different neighborhood because of schooling options? Will the family begin saving for the child’s college education or pay for college when the time comes? All these factors change the mental and emotional state of the family unit.
1. If you are considering adoption in your future as a parent, which method would you choose?
Open? Closed? International? Other?
2. What are your thoughts surrounding some of the laws and requirements surrounding international adoptions? Do you think they should be kept, amended, or abolished?
What Are the Different Types of Adoption
Posted by Nancy Chen, Kendall Eifler, Cassandra Knox, Jessica Powell, and Courtney Vataha